CEPS Project

Technical assistance on assessing the effectiveness of the implementation of the definition of small and medium-sized enterprises for the purposes of Article 8(4) of the Energy Efficiency Directive


The Energy Efficiency Directive (EED) places an obligation on Member States to promote the availability to final customers of high-quality cost-effective energy audits and includes the requirement that such audits for enterprises that are not SMEs be carried out every four years (within Article 8(4) of the EED). During the first years of implementation of the audits provisions, MSs faced difficulties in identifying the national companies in scope of Article 8(4). The purpose of the study is to analyse the current implementation of the non-SME definition and assess alternatives.

Cinzia Alcidi

Director of Research

+32 (0)2 229 39 58

Jaap Jansen

Felice Simonelli

Associate Senior Research Fellow

Jorge Núñez Ferrer

Senior Research Fellow

+32 (0)2 229 39 11

Vasileios Rizos

Research Fellow and Head of Sustainable Resources and Circular Economy

+32 (0)2 229 39 74

Milan Elkerbout

Research Fellow and Head of the climate policy programme

+32 (0)2 229 39 43

Cristian Stroia

Apostolos Thomadakis

Research Fellow

+32 (0)2 229 39 14

Andrea Renda

Senior Research Fellow and Head of Global Governance, Regulation, Innovation & Digital Economy

+32 (0)2 229 39 17

Daniel Gros

Distinguished Fellow

+32 (0)2 229 39 38

Willem Pieter De Groen

Associate Senior Research Fellow