This report was conducted by the Centre for European Policy Studies (CEPS) within the “Strategic Partnerships for the Implementation of the Paris Agreement (SPIPA)” programme It aims to improve understanding of current climate change policies formulation in Russia and identify existing climate action opportunities after Russia’s ratification of the Paris Agreement.
Based on desk research, the report first reviews the role of the energy sector in Russia’s economy, pointing to the country’s reliance on fossil fuels for domestic energy consumption, internal and export budget revenues, the dynamics of energy intensity and greenhouse gas emissions over time and by sector. The second chapter outlines the main aspects of climate policy in Russia and identifies principal programmes and legislation relevant to climate change. The following third chapter focuses on stakeholders involved in climate change policy formulation and implementation, industrial interests as well as the role of scientific communities and environmental non-governmental organisations. The fourth chapter addresses past and existing policy initiatives either directly or indirectly related to climate change, their main drivers, impediments and results. The fifth part identifies possible future climate actions followed by conclusions.