CEPS Project

Support open public consultations for the impact assessment of environmental friendly taxes as part of the European Green Deal

Revision of Energy Taxation Directive and new Carbon Border Adjustment mechanism


CEPS analysed the closed and open questions for two open public consultations related to two legislative initiatives as part of the European Green Deal: The Energy Taxation Directive (ETD) and the Carbon Border Adjustment Mechanism (CBAM).

The closed questions of the CBAM questionnaire were analysed using Excel and Visual Basics (CBAM) code. The several open questions for both ETD and CBAM were analysed using a combination of machine learning in Python and manual annotation in Excel. We also used machine learning to identify campaigns via text similarity on the open questions and machine translation to translate all responses to English.

This project was awarded under the Framework Contract on Economic Analysis of Environmental Policies and Analytical Support in the Context of Better Regulation (n ENV.F.1/FRA/2019/0001) with the European Commission, DG ENV. The full list of CEPS’ Framework Contracts is available here.

Felice Simonelli

Associate Senior Research Fellow

Moritz Laurer

Associate Researcher

+32 (0)2 229 39 71

Alexandra Campmas

Associate Researche

Christian Egenhofer

Associate Senior Research Fellow