CEPS Project

Behavioural Study on civil liability outside of the scope of the Product Liability Directive, for damages caused by AI and IoT applications


In the context of the EU’s forthcoming AI Strategy, CEPS is participating in a large-scale behavioural research study on civil liability and AI, which aims to contribute to the understanding of policy-relevant consumer attitudes and the determinants of behaviour towards AI applications. The results of the study will inform DG JUST in the preparation of a policy initiative on civil liability rules for AI applications, which will be adopted as a follow-up to the AI White Paper, in 2021.

The study primarily builds on quantitative behavioural evidence gathering methodologies including an online consumer survey and a survey-based behavioural experiment. The results of the consumer survey and the behavioural experiment will be complemented by consumer focus groups which go deeper into explaining the results from the experiments as well as provide additional depth.

CEPS is involved in the preparatory tasks of the study. In particular, CEPS carries out an in-depth expert consultation with a number of distinguished scholars and specialist in a variety of academic fields (consumer behaviour, risk regulation, ethics, civil law, consumer law), which will inform and refine the research design components.

This project was awarded under the Framework Contract for the for the Provision of Behavioural Studies (n CHAFEA/2019/CP/01) with the European Commission (CHAFEA). The full list of CEPS’ Framework Contracts is available here.

Andrea Renda

Senior Research Fellow and Head of Global Governance, Regulation, Innovation & Digital Economy

+32 (0)2 229 39 17

Moritz Laurer

Associate Researcher

+32 (0)2 229 39 71

Chiara Del Giovane