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CEPS Project


Visualising and measuring the role of industrial relations in addressing gender equality

Unit Involved

Jobs and Skills

01 March 2020 / 28 February 2022

This project aims to study how industrial relations could shape progress towards the achievement of gender equality, relying on a multilevel framework including micro, meso, sectoral and macro levels Europe-wide, complemented by country-specific in-depth analyses.

the VIRAGE project will achieve the following objectives:

·        To provide a comprehensive literature review, to develop a sound understanding of how industrial relations can shape progress towards gender equality in European labour markets;

·        To conduct sound quantitative and qualitative analyses, studying the various aspects of industrial relations and social dialogue in fostering gender equality – including its several dimensions, e.g. earnings, labour supply, occupational segregation etc. – across the EU, following a multilevel framework;

·        To provide in-depth national case studies for selected Member States belonging to different industrial relations regimes, to obtain detailed insights and narratives regarding several aspects of gender equality;

·        To focus on sectoral differences to explore differences within and between Member States;

·        To provide a cross-country comparative analysis integrating the overall research findings;

·        To promote awareness on best practices, exchange information on effective industrial relations practices and provide policy recommendations to foster gender equality.

The project will start by mapping gender-differenced labour market outcomes across the EU and relating them to the scope of industrial relations structures within a multilevel empirical framework. Such a framework includes a micro and meso level, considering workers and organisations (e.g. social partners) in the EU, as well as more aggregate level, considering EU countries and sectors. Moreover, given that gender equality is a multifaceted concept of many dimensions, VIRAGE will consider several aspects of gender equality related to the labour market, such as earnings, labour supply, work-life balance, occupational or sectoral segregation, discrimination and sexual harassment at the workplace. Drawing from the EU level analysis, in-depth national case studies will emphasise one or more of these aspects in consideration of what is most relevant for their specific contexts.

In parallel to the European level empirical analyses, VIRAGE will include in-depth national case studies for a selected number of Member States belonging to different industrial relations regimes. These countries are Belgium, Italy, Poland and Sweden. Analysing the role that industrial relations systems and actors play in addressing gender equality issues in different Member States will start with an initial scoping exercise, which will then be enriched by in-depth desk research and interactions with national stakeholders (mainly social partners in the Member States as well as policymakers, experts and other civil society actors) to obtain further insights. Validation workshops with national stakeholders will be organised to disseminate the research results.

CEPS Project

Project Details

Jobs and Skills


Visualising and measuring the role of industrial relations in addressing gender equality

More About...

This project is funded by the European Commission, DG EMPL.
Sara Baiocco Sara Baiocco
Sara Baiocco
+32 (0)2 229 39 35
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Project Partners

Goteborgs Universitet
Katholieke Universiteit Leuven
Szkola Glowna Handlowa W Warszawie
Universita Degli Studi Di Roma La Sapienza