13 Dec 2022

The Revision of the Third Energy Package for Gas

Irina Kustova

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The internal gas market needs to be decarbonised if the EU is to achieve its ambitious climate goals and achieve energy independence. This study takes a closer look at the proposed revision of the Third Energy Package for Gas. The report reflects on how the revision and the foreseen unbundling rules affect the transition to a hydrogen-based gas economy. Apart from the long-term view and in consideration of the current energy crisis, the report also reflects on short-term options to ensure stable prices and security of supply through new EU gas interconnectors, liquefied natural gas imports and underground gas storage. The findings highlight the challenge of guaranteeing security of supply through new investments in natural gas infrastructure while simultaneously developing a hydrogen infrastructure, which is currently not pulled by market demand but driven by policy objectives for decarbonisation and increased autonomy. Achieving this will require both public support and risk-taking from involved actors in the hydrogen market.

This document was provided by the Policy Department for Economic, Scientific and Quality of Life Policies at the request of the Committee on Industry, Research and Energy (ITRE). Co-authors from the Ecorys partner: Laura Heidecke, Michael Flickenschild, Yoeri Dijkhof, Iris Larmi, Harry Van Til, Menno Van Benthem, Nga Nguyen.