This study, commissioned by the European Parliament’s Policy Department for Citizens' Rights and Constitutional Affairs at the request of the LIBE Committee, examines the EU’s mechanism of relocation of asylum seekers from Greece and Italy to other member states. It examines the scheme in the context of the Dublin System, the hotspot approach, and the EU-Turkey Statement, recommending that asylum seekers’ interests, and rights be duly taken into account, as it is only through their full engagement that relocation will be successful. Relocation can become a system that provides flexibility for the member states and local host communities, as well as accommodating the agency and dignity of asylum seekers. This requires greater cooperation from receiving states, and a clearer role for a single EU legal and institutional framework to organise preference matching and rationalise efforts and resources overall.
Elspeth Guild is Associate Senior Research Fellow at CEPS; Cathryn Costello is with the Refugee Studies Centre at the University of Oxford and Violeta Moreno-Lax is at Queen Mary University of London.
This study is republished on the CEPS website with the kind permission of the European Parliament. It is also available for free downloading on the website of the European Parliament.