In recent years, advanced economies around the globe have experienced a pronounced slowdown in productivity growth. The causes of this so-called secular stagnation remain unclear. Someeconomists argue that we are simply measuring productivity improvements incorrectly and that thestatistics are ignoring technological innovations. Others place the blame on the Great Recession, arguing that labour productivity took the hit in countries with ?exible labour markets when GDP growth was constrained by globally de?cient demand. Most economists agree that stagnant productivity is a legitimate concern, and given that productivity growth is the main driver of economic growth, it is essential to ?nd remedies. Unfortunately, the current economic climate is characterised by a low potential for increased productivity growth, making it particularly dif?cult for Europe to achieve any progress in catching up with the higher productivity levels in the US. One potential source of improvement could be increased investment in intangible capital, which is positively linked to productivity growth. Finally, the most recent data indicate that after a decade of almost continuous slowdown, Europe’s productivity performance is actually beginning to strengthen, in part due to the pro-cyclicality of productivity. If investment and business spending on digitisation persist, the uptick in labour productivity could translate into better total factor productivity growth, a measure of ef?ciency which identi?es possible spillovers from new technologies and innovation.
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