The assassination of the opposition leader in Tunisia exposed the underlying divisions between members of the ruling classes, between those in and outside of government, between religious groupings and secularists, and between the coastal areas and the hinterland of Tunisia. Since the revolution, tackling social inclusion has become a pressing problem: men versus women, young versus old, opponents versus supporters of the old regime and political forces inside Tunisia versus those in exile. The National Constituent Assembly (NCA)’s inability to address these fault lines and approve the second draft of the constitution has hampered the transition of the country towards the next elections, while all of the above have undermined trust in the political process. Although Tunisians are primarily responsible for the political processes in their country, argue authors Hrant Kostanyan and Elitsa Garnizova, the EU should step up its efforts to deliver on its commitments in the areas of money, market and mobility.
Hrant Kostanyan is an Associate Research Fellow at CEPS, focusing on the European External Action Service (EEAS), European Neighbourhood Policy (ENP) and Eastern Partnership. Elitsa Garnizova is a Research Assistant in Social Sciences in LSE Enterprise and an affiliate consultant to the Tunisian School of Politics.