Cyber defence is critical to both the EU’s prosperity and security. Yet, the threat space it faces is vast in scope, highly interconnected, deeply complex, and rapidly evolving. The EU’s current cyber defence capacity remains fragmented across and siloed within various institutions, agencies. In order to secure its own use of cyberspace, the EU must be bold. The CEPS Task Force on Strengthening the EU’s Cyber Defence Capabilities identified a clear EU-wide interest for greater coordination and cooperation in this space. After a comparative analysis of alternative scenarios, the Task Force concluded in favour of creating an EU Cyber Defence Agency with executive competencies and therefore, the ability to develop and utilise strategic and operational capabilities at the EU level. This would mark a critical step towards a more effective and collaborative approach to enhancing cyber security and resilience in the EU.
Lorenzo Pupillo is Associate Senior Research Fellow at CEPS, Melissa K. Griffith is a Ph.D. Candidate at the University of California, Berkeley and Steven Blockmans and Andrea Renda are Senior Research Fellows at CEPS. All four authors served as rapporteurs for the Task Force, which was chaired by Jaap de Hoop Scheffer, Leiden University and Secretary General of NATO from 2004-2009.