The settlement cycle refers to the time between the trade date, when an order is executed in the market, and the settlement date. In the EU the settlement cycle since 2014 is set at trade date plus two business days (T+2), while in the US the settlement cycle was shortened from three to two business days in 2017. In the US, there is now an industry-lead initiative to accelerate the securities settlement cycle to one day (T+1).
- Is there a need for Europe to shorten the settlement cycle to T+1? What are the unique challenges in Europe in shortening the cycle?
- What are the operational challenges for the US industry in moving to T+1?
- How will T+1 impact the financials of individual actors as well as financial stability?
- How will overseas investors be affected by such change, due to different time zones and trade and settlement discrepancies at an international level?
- Could the settlement cycle be shortened even further (e.g. instant settlement)?