This is a summary of the expert conference held by CEPS and the Aspen Institute Central Europe on 6 November 2018.
Citizens of new EU member states are increasingly leaving their countries to pursue better opportunities and reap the benefits of intra-EU mobility. In the immediate aftermath of accession to the European Union, economic reasons were the main drivers of mobility. Today, governments in new member states need to develop a clear vision about the reforms necessary to improve economic and social conditions and create incentives for their citizens to return and to stay. The danger is that, in the long-run, the benefits of intra-EU mobility for these countries will not be enough to compensate for a permanent ‘brain drain’.