01 Sep 2003

The Shaping of a Policy Framework for the Wider Europe

Michael Emerson

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This paper proposes recalibrating, clarifying and further developing the initial policy ideas of the EU on the Wider Europe in the following directions:
– distinguishing between the Wider Europe and the Greater Middle East,
– identifying the Wider Europe more closely with the Council of Europe, using its membership map as a defining characteristic, as also its common norms of democracy and human rights,
– adopting a comprehensive view of this continental Wider Europe, certainly including the weakest states and entities of the region (e.g. to include the Caucasus),
– providing a systematic framework and incentives for the proposed bilateral Action Plans,
— developing the ideas of common European policy spaces into operational propositions, seven of which may be identified, for which Green or White papers should be prepared,
— taking a fresh look at actual and conceivable categories of institutional association of states and entities of the Wider Europe with the EU, to provide maximum incentives for the Europeanisation without or before full accession,
– recalibrating the model of EU policies for the Barcelona process and the Greater Middle East with greater emphasis on democratic values and human rights alongside economic reform and human development, and seek effective partnership with the US in this sense,
– focusing increasingly on sub-regional formats in the Greater Middle East (Maghreb, Mashrek, Gulf).