This literature review, by Jelle van Buuren of the Free University of Amsterdam, reveals that there is an academic void as far as ethics research into emergent hybrid and transnational security practices is concerned. Many factors and variables are at stake, and they mutually influence one another: security culture(s), leadership, training and education, social context, technological influences, security styles and ethical codes. The complexity of this hybrid and ethically blurred field has several implications for empirical research into the ethical values of security. The multi-variable dimensions of the shifts in security and the possible shifts in underlying values demands further empirical research.
Research for this Policy Brief, was conducted in the context of INEX, a three-year project on converging and conflicting ethical values in the internal/external security continuum in Europe, funded by the Security Programme of DG Enterprise of the European Commission’s Seventh Framework Research Programme. The project is coordinated by PRIO, International Peace Research Institute in Oslo. For more information about the project, please visit: www.inexproject.eu