This Working Document complements the CEPS Policy Brief, Understanding India’s climate agenda, and elaborates on three key issues related to the country’s energy challenges: access to energy, the future emissions trajectory and energy subsidies. This study looks into the making and framing of the country’s domestic climate agenda from a political economy perspective. As long as both GDP and primary energy demand keep growing at the current rates, it may be concluded that the country’s future, absolute greenhouse-gas emissions are also likely to grow but remain relatively low. Moreover, India’s emissions intensity is expected to continue declining in line with the recent voluntary pledge by the Indian government. The study takes note of the national action plan launched in India, and the adoption of a flexible approach in international negotiations while maintaining a preference for several core principles, including equity. Lastly, the study explores the possibility for addressing issues such as international and intra-national equity in the context of the long-term EU–Indian partnership.