10 Dec 2015

Countries under Adjustment Programmes: What role for the ECB?

Daniel Gros

0
Download Publication

2627 Downloads

Author: Daniel Gros

Series: CEPS Special Report No.124    No. of pp: 17

Providing ‘technical assistance/advice’ on programmes for countries under financial stress is well within the mandate of the European Central Bank (ECB). Being fully part of the Troika, however, is a different role. Formally the ECB does not participate in the ‘decision-making’ on programmes (decisions are taken by the Finance Ministers – and the IMF). However, the ECB is part of the ‘decision-shaping’ process. These two roles have often been confused. The ECB should interpret its formal role in future ESM (European Stability Mechanism) programmes as narrowly as possible. Providing advice but avoid taking part in the operational work of programme surveillance. The ECB should de facto leave the Troika.

At any rate, future incidents like the Italian or Spanish letters will be superseded by the OMTs (outright monetary transactions) and an Irish-type situation would be shaped by the legal framework of the Bank Recovery and Resolution Directive (BRRD) and the potential funding from the Single Resolution Fund (SRF).

An additional issue for the ECB is internal coherence: Its six-member Executive Board manages the participation in the Troika, monetary policy is decided by the Governing Council and banking supervision is under the Supervisory Board, separated in principle by Chinese walls from the (rest of the) ECB.

This study was requested by the European Parliament’s Economic and Monetary Affairs Committee and is also published on the European Parliament website www.europarl.europa.eu/committees/en/econ/monetary-dialogue.html. It is republished here by CEPS with the kind permission of the European Parliament.

Daniel Gros is Director of CEPS.

Related Publications

Browse through the list of related publications.

A renewed EU approach for Jobs and Skills

Towards a Resilient and Sustainable Post-Pandemic Recovery Working Group Report of the New Industrial Strategy for Europe Task Force

Competition Policy and State Aid: Defining a sustainable path for Europe’s recovery

Towards a Resilient and Sustainable Post-Pandemic Recovery Working Group Report of the New Industrial Strategy for Europe Task Force

Healthcare and Pharmaceuticals

Towards a Resilient and Sustainable Post-Pandemic Recovery Working Group Report of the New Industrial Strategy for Europe Task Force

The Digital Transition

Towards a Resilient and Sustainable Post-Pandemic Recovery Working Group Report of the New Industrial Strategy for Europe Task Force

Strategic Value Chains

Towards a Resilient and Sustainable Post-Pandemic Recovery Working Group Report of the New Industrial Strategy for Europe Task Force

European Green Deal

Towards a Resilient and Sustainable Post-Pandemic Recovery Working Group Report of the New Industrial Strategy for Europe Task Force

Basel III Finalisation

The impact on EU banks and the real economy across scenarios

Managed Expectations

EU Member States’ Views on the Conference on the Future of Europe

Digital labour platforms in the EU

Mapping and business models