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Ageing Health and Retirement in Europe: Time Use, Health and Retirement

by Hannu Piekkola / Liisa Leijola
01 September 2004

Ageing Health and Retirement in Europe: Time Use, Health and Retirement

Hannu Piekkola / Liisa Leijola

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This study examines time use and the incentives to retire that include both the value of paid and domestic work. This is accomplished by documenting the time used in unpaid household work in a group of EU countries. An economic value is assigned to this time, which is then used to calculate the income replacement rates and the option values for retirement. The study concludes that unpaid work and the possibilities for combining work and domestic life are very important in retirement decisions. The marginal value of non-paid work time has the highest impact in the retirement decision of men, especially among those in good health. Women in good health exhibit continuity of lifetime patterns and their domestic work supply does not increase substantially after retirement. Women in poor health are faced with a dual burden of work, which can explain their withdrawal from the workplace. The combination of these factors (i.e. the dual burden of work) encourages retirement. The policy implication is that economic incentives aimed at postponing retirement may fall short of expectations unless trends in time-use are properly taken into account.


About the Authors


  • Author
    Hannu Piekkola
    Hannu Piekkola
  • Author
    Liisa Leijola
    Liisa Leijola
Ageing Health and Retirement in Europe: Time Use, Health and Retirement
Download Publication

2836 Downloads