20 Mar 2008

The Abolition of Internal Border Checks in an Enlarged Schengen Area

Freedom of movement or a scattered web of security checks?

Anaïs Faure Atger

Download Publication


CHALLENGE Research Paper No. 8  / 26 pages

This paper assesses the implications and practicalities stemming from the removal of land and sea internal border controls in an enlarged EU on December 2007. Freedom of movement represents a central feature of the supranational status of EU citizenship. Its practical application to the enlarged EU territory has constituted a necessary step to ensure equality among all European citizens. After providing an account of the processes and logic leading to the removal of checks at common borders, the state of play within the Schengen area is described. Particular attention is paid to the national security strategies carried out by the EU-15 member states currently in place and their consequences on the freedom of movement of individuals and on liberty. It is argued that by setting the removal of border checks as an important security challenge, we are witnessing the emergence of alternative and scattered security measures on the mobility of people which might weaken the Europeanisation processes inherent to the liberalisation of mobility inside the EU.

Related Publications

Browse through the list of related publications.

Towards a principled level playing field for an open and secure online environment

Regulation, enforcement and oversight of online content moderation in the EU and the United Kingdom

The Declaration on a Voluntary Solidarity Mechanism and EU Asylum Policy

One Step Forward, Three Steps Back on Equal Solidarity

A transformational moment?

The EU's response to Russia's war in Ukraine

The EU grants temporary protection for people fleeing war in Ukraine

Time to rethink unequal solidarity in EU asylum policy

European Union Policies on Onward and Secondary Movements of Asylum-seekers and Refugees

A Critical Overview of the EU’s Migration Management Complex

Limitations on Human Mobility in Response to COVID-19

A preliminary mapping and assessment of national and EU policy measures, their sanctioning frameworks, implementation tools and enforcement practices

Between politics and inconvenient evidence

Assessing the Renewed EU Action Plan against migrant smuggling