The Iranian nuclear programme has been the subject of more than a decade of diplomatic negotiations between the “5+1” group of states representing the international community and the Islamic Republic of Iran. On 2nd April, negotiators reached solutions on key parameters of a Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action. The final stretch of negotiations is set to expire on June 30th, when the protagonists are expected to conclude a historical “comprehensive” resolution that will ensure the exclusively peaceful nature of the Iranian nuclear programme and the comprehensive lifting of all sanctions.
So what exactly are the key parameters of the proposed solutions on this nuclear issue to reach this goal? Under what conditions will the economic sanctions be gradually eased? And what commitments will be accepted by Iran? How will the IAEA be able to verify the permanent limitation of different aspects of the nuclear programme, including its military component? And how will the final deal impact on regional peace and security?