CEPS participates in a consortium under this large-scale integrated projected funded by the EU under the 7th Framework Programme for a period of 48 months. 33 partners, from 17 different countries, from 4 continents will study the interactions between land-use and land-cover changes, socioeconomic changes and climate change. The objectives will be, first, to understand how these factors interacted in the past to produce forest fires and, second, to model future changes in all these components to produce the best available projections on how forest fires might change in the coming decades. Special attention will be given to the projected increases in climate and weather extremes (drought, heat waves) since under such conditions fires become more devastating. FUME will produce, among other things, the most complete cartography of forest fires in Europe, and will identify the factors that were behind fires, particularly, large forest fires. Maps with future risk will also be produced as well as an evaluation of the vulnerability of the vegetation to the new conditions. Threats for regenerating ecosystems under climate extremes, particularly drought, will also be investigated.