Justice and Home Affairs

 

Research Team

 

DESCRIPTION OF ACTIVITIES

The Justice and Home Affairs (JHA) Programme at CEPS examines the issues and dilemmas related to the construction of an Area of Freedom, Security and Justice (AFSJ) including the policy fields of migration, integration, asylum, fundamental rights, police and judicial cooperation, data protection and security policies. The Programme has a well-consolidated experience in the initiation, coordination and management of large-scale European research projects related to the AFSJ, as well as in the provision of external independent expertise to the EU institutions. It has been involved, both as coordinator and as a participant, in projects funded by the Sixth and Seventh Framework Research Programmes of the European Commission, as well as in framework contracts with the EU institutions (for instance DG HOME and DG JUST of the European Commission). The Programme also provides external expertise to the European Parliament’s Committee on Civil Liberties, Justice and Home Affairs (LIBE), the European Economic and Social Committee, the Committee of the Regions, the Fundamental Rights Agency as well as selected national parliaments. Finished and ongoing projects are listed in the "Projects" tab above.

 

RECENT PUBLICATIONS

Excerpt from CEPS Ideas Lab Conference Report: Rights & Security Sessions

The Rights & Security sessions at the CEPS Ideas Lab covered some of the main issues and challenges characterising EU internal and external policies on migration, borders, asylum and privacy. These key EU policies affect the liberty and security of EU citizens and third country nationals alike, and can only benefit from open and democratic discussion.

In order to open up the debate, the Justice and Home Affairs Unit, in cooperation with openDemocracy and with the support of OSIFE (Open Society Initiative for Europe - Open Society Foundations), carried out video interviews with the panellists and produced a Report summarizing the main issues of the sessions. You can watch the video interviews at: https://www.opendemocracy.net/ideaslab2017.

 

Brexit and the Challenge of Citizenship: British passports for EU citizens living in the UK?

Elspeth Guild

The task of finding a solution to the legal status of non-British EU citizens living in the UK after Brexit is exercising the best minds in the European Union at the moment. As the European Council (Art. 50) guidelines for Brexit negotiations rightly underline, “The United Kingdom's decision to leave the Union creates significant uncertainties that have the potential to cause disruption,…Citizens who have built their lives on the basis of rights flowing from the British membership of the EU face the prospect of losing those rights”.  These guidelines also place special emphasis on the priority to ensure reciprocal guarantees in safeguarding the rights derived from EU law of EU and UK citizens and their families affected by Brexit, effective from the date of withdrawal.

Combating Institutional Anti-Gypsyism: Responses and promising practices in the EU and selected Member States 

Sergio Carrera, Iulius Rostas, Lina Vosyliūtė

The notion of ‘anti-Gypsyism’ aims to refocus public policies addressing Roma discrimination in order to place responsibility for combating structural, historically-embedded and systemic forms of racism, discrimination and exclusion towards Roma squarely on state institutions and actors. This report examines the ways in which policies and funding combat ‘anti-Gypsyism’ in the European Union and selected Member States and assesses the added value of the ‘anti-Gypsyism’ concept, with particular reference to its institutional forms. It explores ways in which these institutional forms could be combated by identifying some ‘promising practices or experiences’ found in five selected EU Member States (Germany, Romania, Spain, Sweden and the UK).  These ‘promising practices’ include reactive and proactive measures organised around four main themes: i) national, regional and local institutional responses; ii) training and education activities; iii) access to justice and effective remedies; and iv) media, public attitudes and political discourse.

The European Border and Coast Guard: Addressing migration and asylum challenges in the Mediterranean?

Sergio Carrera, Steven Blockmans, Jean-Pierre Cassarino, Daniel Gros, and Elspeth Guild

The humanitarian refugee crisis in Europe of 2015-2016 has revealed several unfinished elements and shortcomings in current EU policies and approaches to migration, asylum and borders, particularly those applying in southern EU maritime borders and frontier states in the Mediterranean. This book provides a critical examination of the main issues and lessons learned from this crisis and gives an up-to-date assessment of the main policy, legal and institutional responses that have been put in place at the EU level. It further examines the extent to which these responses can be expected to work under the current system of sharing responsibilities among EU member states in assessing asylum applications and ensuring a consistent implementation of EU legal standards that comply with the rule of law and fundamental rights. […]

 

CURRENT PROJECTS

European Parliament Studies: Framework Contract

Main coordinator: CEPS, Belgium

Duration: 2010 – 2014 (renewed 2014 – 2019)

CEPS JHA Section Role: Coordinator and Research

Framework contract to provide the LIBE Committee of the European Parliament with external expertise in the field of justice and home affairs as well as the evaluation of the impact assessments made by the European Commission on its legislative proposals and the realisation of impact assessments of its substantive amendments to the European Commission's proposals. CEPS is involved in the following lots: ‘Regular overview of the development of the area on freedom, security and justice’; ‘Police and judicial cooperation in criminal matters and data protection’ (both together with the Centre d’Etudes sur les Conflits); ‘Respect and promotion of fundamental rights, citizenship and combating discrimination’; ‘Asylum’; ‘Immigration, integration and management of the EU’s external borders’.

CEPS JHA Section Contact: Sergio Carrera / Miriam Mir Canet

 

SOURCE – ‘Virtual centre of excellence for research support and coordination on societal security’

Main coordinator: PRIO (Peace Research Institute Oslo), Norway

Duration: 2014 – 2019

CEPS JHA Section Role: Coordinator WP9 (Communication, dissemination and knowledge-sharing) and Research

The aim of the SOURCE Centre of Excellence is to create a robust and sustainable virtual centre of excellence capable of exploring and advancing societal issues in security research and development. The SOURCE network of excellence is built upon five types of activities: networking activities, research, information gathering, education and training, and knowledge sharing. These five areas together address both the ambitions and the expected impact of the Work Programme specific to the Security call. Through an integrated information gathering hub, education programmes across the security sectors and a comprehensive programme of networking activities the SOURCE project will advance the European excellence in research and industrial innovation and form the foundation of a permanent virtual centre of excellence that assembles and supports European excellence on societal dimensions of security.

CEPS JHA Section Contact Person: Sergio Carrera / Miriam Mir Canet

Website: http://www.societalsecurity.net

 

EURA-NET – Transnational Migration in Transition: Transformative Characteristics of Temporary Mobility of People

Main coordinator: University of Tampere, Finland

Duration: 2014 – 2017

CEPS JHA Section Role: Coordinator of Work Packages and Research

EURA-NET project produces scientifically sound and innovative framings for investigating transformative characteristics and development impacts of temporary transnational migration and mobility in highly industrialised societies, transformation countries (emerging economies, transition countries, e.g.) and developing countries. Theoretical and empirical studies will be accomplished to attain an understanding of the transformative characteristics of temporary and circular migration, e.g. the mobility of seasonal workers, students, tourists and corporate workers in China, Finland, Germany, Hungary, India, the Netherlands, the Philippines, Thailand, Turkey and Ukraine, as well as in wider international and regional contexts. The final aim is to promote migration governance in a development perspective at all levels, from national to international. An associated set of questions concerns what challenges temporary transnational mobility poses to policy-making on European, national, international and global scales. By uncovering how politics structure people’s border-crossing movements in migrant-sending, migrant-receiving and transit countries and by shedding light on the international practices and lived experiences of individual migrants, the project will help European policy-makers to address challenges arising in the increasingly interconnected and demographically mobile world.

CEPS JHA Section Contact Person: Marco Stefan

Website: http://www.uta.fi/edu/en/research/projects/eura-net/index.html

 

TRANSMIC – Transnational Migration and Citizenship

Main coordinator: Maastricht University, Netherlands

Duration: 2014 – 2018

CEPS JHA Section Role: Main Partner / Supervision of PhD and Post-Doc and Training

This ITN TRANSMIC project brings together a group of universities, think-tanks, institutes, practitioners and high-level officials that all share a long-term interest in migration policies and citizenship issues and who have extensive academic and/or practical expertise in this field. Their inter- and multi-disciplinary knowledge and experience is pooled with the main objective of improving the European and international career opportunities of young researchers by offering them a coherent academic training programme complemented with a professional skills training programme and by exposing them to experience on the work-floor through an internship at a think-tank, a consultancy or a law firm, all specialized in the issue of migration and citizenship issues. In addition the network will also be a catalyst for intensive cooperation and exchange of best practices amongst the participating partners and promote interaction and fertilization between academia, professional organizations, representatives of European institutions and member States as well as policy makers in various countries of research all around the globe with an interest in transnational migration and citizenship questions. Given the intensity of the cooperation, it is to be expected that the network will also provide a solid basis for cooperation and interaction beyond ITN.

The focus of the research is the rapidly-evolving field of transnational migration and citizenship addressed from the perspective of circularity of rights and responsibilities.

CEPS JHA Section Contact Person: Leonhard den Hertog / Ngo Chun Luk

 

Framework service contract in lots for provision of external expertise in the fields of impact assessment and European added value.

Lot n°6: Civil Liberties, Justice and Home Affairs, Women’s Rights and Petitions

Main coordinator: CEPS, Belgium

Duration: July 2013 – July 2017

CEPS JHA Section Role: Coordinator of the Lot

This framework service refers to the provision of various services in the area of civil liberties, justice and home affairs, women’s rights and petitions, namely:

The provision of general or specific expertise concerning IA;
The appraisal of the IA reports produced by the European Commission or the performance of ‘complementary’ IA;
The performance of fully fledged IA on amendments being considered by the Parliament in the context of the EU legislative process;
The provision of general or specific expertise concerning European Added Value (EAV);
The provision of expertise on the Cost of Non-Europe in specific policy areas or sectors;
The provision of expertise on the added value already generated by EU policies and legislation or on the effectiveness of these policies and legislation

Funded by: Directorate-General for Internal Policies of the Union – European Parliament

Period: July 2013 – July 2017

Amount: FWC

Contract no: IP/G/ALL/FAC/2013-002/Lot 6/C5

CEPS JHA Section Contact Person: Sergio Carrera / Miriam Mir Canet

 

ENGAGE Fellowship Program