Social welfare policies

31 - 60 of 206
04 April 2012

This study reports on the quality indicators that were collected by the ANCIEN project partners in each country considered in Work Package 5 (Quality in Long-Term Care).

30 March 2012

Work Package 2 of the ANCIEN project assesses the future numbers of care-dependent elderly in four selected countries: Spain, Poland, Germany and the Netherlands. The estimates are consistent with the available disability data and the mortality forecasts of the EUROPOP 2008 scenarios. The results show the effects of  assumptions about how old age disability and mortality are related, and assess the effects of smoking and BMI.

20 March 2012

An assessment of quality assurance policies in LTC in Estonia finds in general that much progress has been achieved in creating and monitoring the quality of inputs of services (infrastructure, personnel, planning and funding). Some attempts have been made to evaluate the processes of LTC services, but almost nothing is found about the evaluation of the results.

20 March 2012

This paper describes the quality assurance system for long-term care services in Latvia. Policy planning for long-term care is undertaken by the Ministry of Welfare and the municipalities. Monitoring takes place at three levels: by the ministry, the municipalities and social service providers themselves. The legislation sets out requirements for social service providers and the evaluation of quality standards against a few criteria.

08 March 2012


This report analyses the quality assurance policies for long-term care (LTC) in the following countries: Austria, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Hungary, Italy, Latvia, Poland, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, the Netherlands, and the United Kingdom.

29 February 2012

New technologies may have a beneficial impact on long-term care (LTC) systems by improving the quality, effectiveness and efficiency of LTC provision, and even by decreasing the need for LTC in the first place. Given the great uncertainty about the diffusion and implementation of available technology, there is little point in trying to make quantitative forecasts about the impact of technology. A more useful approach is to study the mechanisms through which technology can have an impact on LTC. This is the subject of Work Package 4 of the ANCIEN project.

29 February 2012

In Austria, the responsibilities for long-term care mainly lie with the provinces, although federal and organisational-level initiative has grown. Quality assurance policies focus overwhelmingly on the health system and are only slowly appearing in the realm of long-term care (LTC). Although the Austrian LTC system is still very fragmented owing to the division of competencies, there are enhanced efforts underway to harmonise LTC provision, standards and quality nationwide.

28 February 2012

In Germany, quality assurance has enjoyed an important role in long-term care since the Act on Long-Term Care Insurance was introduced in 1995. The Act distinguishes three dimensions of quality, namely quality of the structure, the process and the outcome. Quality assurance is regulated by law at the national level and is differentiated into internal and external quality-assurance measures. The operators of care facilities have to ensure an appropriate level of quality in their services, facilities, staff and equipment.

28 February 2012

In Slovenia, the government’s Strategy of Care for the Elderly up to 2010 attempted to introduce a new model to support families with elderly members, new programmes for elderly care with individual solutions and supportive social networks to foster the cohabitation of generations. Yet there is no national, quality management strategy. The most apparent difficulty in gathering data on quality is the fragmentation of long-term care between the health and social care sectors.

06 December 2011

This Working Document looks at which OECD countries deliberately attempt to reproduce social stratification through educational policies, and which countries put greater emphasis on intervening in the stratification process.

The research findings challenge a one-policy-fits-all approach that advocates education policy reforms designed to increase equal opportunities in education. The authors argue that the context of each country needs to be considered before the implementation of such policies.

17 November 2011

Understanding the factors that determine the type and amount of formal care is important for assessing the need for care in European nations and developing consistent long-term policies. In this report, the provision of care in terms of its extensive (choice of care) and intensive qualities (the number of hours of care received) is analysed. Following the methodology proposed in Bourguignon et al. (2007) and using SHARE data, we estimate a sample selection model with the particularities that the first step is a multinomial logit model and the second step is a standard regression equation.

17 November 2011

The aim of this report is to identify patterns in the utilisation of formal and informal long-term care (LTC) across European countries and discuss possible determinants of demand for different types of care. It addresses specific research questions on the volume of different types of care and the conditions under which care is provided. The latter include demographic factors, especially population ageing, health status and the limitations caused by poor health, family settings and social networking.

08 November 2011

This paper analyses the impact of long-term care on informal caregivers’ status in the labour market. It focuses on people’s perceptions that their labour activity is hindered partially or totally by their care-giving commitments. It uses the Eurostat ECHP dataset 1994-2001, which includes some questions specifically aimed to investigate whether people suffer care-giving constraints; this information allows us to overcome the endogeneity problem due to the double relationship between labour market participation and care-giving.

08 November 2011

This study seeks to estimate the effects of problems in labour force participation and unmet needs for formal care on informal caregiving. Using information for 2007 from Eurobarometer 283/Wave 67.3 for the EU-27 and the two candidate countries, Turkey and Croatia, we estimate a trivariate probit model dealing with the potential endogeneity of labour force participation problems and unmet needs for formal care. The results suggest that in the context of labour force participation problems, there is also an increased probability of observing unmet needs for formal care.

03 November 2011

This report investigates regulations for the provision of informal care in 21 member states of the European Union. We focus on the comparison of public support for informal care, and compare in detail the monetary benefits that can be used to finance informal care. Additionally, we use SHARE data to compare characteristics of informal carers in a subset of countries, looking at how much care and what kind of care is being provided, and the relationship between the carer and the care recipient.

03 November 2011

This report investigates the organisation and provision of long-term care for the elderly population in 21 member states of the European Union, thus including both old as well as new member states. It highlights several aspects regulating long-term care systems, e.g. which level of government is responsible for regulation or for capacity-planning and how access to services is organised. The authors further elaborate on public and private provision of services, and on the possibility of persons in need of care to choose between different care providers or different settings of care.

30 September 2011

This article by Miroslav Beblavý, Peter Mederly and Emília Sičáková-Beblavá was published in Innovations in financing public services : country case studies, Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan, 2010 S. 160-183

28 September 2011

This article by CEPS Associate Senior Research Fellow Miroslav Beblavý was published in Social security, poverty and social exlusion in rich and poorer coutnries, Antwerp: intersentia, 2010 S. 113-132.

26 September 2011

This research report is concerned with the analysis of the supply of informal care provided by family and friends in Europe, and forms part of the Assessing Needs of Care in European Nations (ANCIEN) research project. The research uses multivariate analysis of the provision of informal help with personal care tasks in Europe, taking into account socio-demographic factors likely to affect the provision of informal care, including gender, age, marital status and education, and also taking into account differences in long-term systems.

18 August 2011

Expected future demographic and societal shifts have put the improvement of quality and efficiency of long-term-care (LTC) systems on the agenda of virtually every EU member state, last but not least in order to support its long-term financial sustainability. Research to support the reform process, however, suffers from the scarcity of reliable and comparable data to work with, and the extent to which the process can be generalised is further complicated by large differences in the design of national LTC systems.

04 August 2011

This ANCIEN project research report provides a comparative analysis of the size and composition of the long-term care (LTC) workforce in four European countries – Germany, the Netherlands, Spain, and Poland – each representative of a different type of LTC system. Trends over the 1993-2008 period show substantial differences in care worker density, with the Netherlands continuing to have the highest number of care workers relative to its older population.

02 August 2011

In Finland, a clear policy objective in the long-term care debate is to increase possibilities for elderly people to live in their own homes for as long as possible. At the same time, the number of places in public sector old-age institutions is being cut, partly because institutional care is very costly.

15 August 2010

This report summarizes the main results of Work Package 1 of the research project ‘Assessing Needs of Care in European Nations’ (ANCIEN).
This report aims at contributing to knowledge on long-tem care (LTC) system design features by developing a typology of LTC system models in EU countries, which are characterized by diverse arrangements for the provision of care/organization and financing. Its approach deviates from existing typologies in a number of ways:

10 June 2010

Launched in January 2009, ANCIEN is a research project that runs for a 44-month period and involves 20 partners from EU member states. The project principally concerns the future of long-term care (LTC) for the elderly in Europe and addresses two questions in particular: 1) How will need, demand, supply and use of LTC develop? 2) How do different systems of LTC perform?

13 April 2010

The social dimension of the internal market has been a theme for debate ever since 1987, when Jacques Delors introduced it as a counterbalance to the emerging ‘Europhoria’ of European business about the EC-1992 single market programme.

24 February 2010

Die deutsche Wirtschaft könnte laut einer Studie
bis zum Jahr 2040 europaweit absteigen und hinter das derzeit noch
schwache Polen zurückfallen. Diese Prognose hat die Brüsseler
Denkfabrik Centre for European Policy Studies (CEPS) am Montag in
Brüssel präsentiert. Schuld daran seien die Reformscheu und fehlende
Investitionen in die Bildung. Schon jetzt wachse die polnische
Wirtschaft im Schnitt zwei Prozent schneller als die deutsche.

Polen werde schon in 20 Jahren wirtschaftlich besser dastehen als

17 July 2009

The financial crisis had a significant impact on the levels of trust that citizens place in the system and its institutions. Recent data from Eurobarometer show a significant fall in confidence on the part of European citizens in the EU’s institutions. For the first time since its creation, a majority of European citizens no longer trust the European Central Bank. However, confidence levels in national governments have actually risen, supporting a contrasting trend between confidence levels in European and national institutions.

28 April 2009

This report is a summary of the research project on the “Adequacy and Sustainability of Old-Age Income Maintenance” (AIM). Thirteen institutes from across the EU have collaborated on the task of assessing the situation of today’s pensioners and providing insights into future trends and policy options for securing adequate income for EU pensioners.