Financial Markets


211 - 240 of 443
08 April 2008

The European fund management industry has undergone profound changes since the 1985 Directive on Undertakings for Collective Investment in Transferable Securities (UCITS). Today, there are about 32,000 UCITS products, representing over €6 trillion of assets under management. These facts point to the success of the UCITS brand as one that is operational and reliable, all the while securing a high degree of investor protection.

03 April 2008

There remains considerable confusion as to how exactly the MiFID and UCITS directives will interact in the long run. This uncertainty reflects the growing pains of a regulatory transformation that represents no less than a tectonic shift from intense and prescriptive product regulation to a more flexible, principles-based regulation of management functions. Unlike UCITS, MiFID is a horizontal directive that cuts across the entire financial services industry (except for insurance).

21 March 2008

By slowing the spiral that is driven by the practice of ‘marking to market’, Paul De Grauwe, CEPS Associate Senior Research Fellow and Professor at KU Leuven, argues that innocent bystanders will stop being caught in the whirlwind of today’s financial markets.

04 February 2008

As European financial markets continue to feel the aftershocks of the US subprime crisis, CEPS CEO Karel Lannoo argues in this commentary that European authorities should agree on a set of easily understandable standards to measure the quality of a bank's finances.

25 January 2008

This ECRI Commentary details the latest progress made by the proposed Consumer Credit Directive (CCD) through the legislative process and explains the lingering reservations harboured by some member states towards the controversial initiative. In the process, ECRI researcher Filipa Figueira also attempts to educate the reader on the complicated EU procedure known as co-decision.

16 January 2008

Three years after a fiery lift-off, the European Company Statute (ECS) is anything but popular. Although the numbers appear to be improving gradually, only a few companies have actually taken the leap to become certified as a European Company (SE). CEPS’ aim in producing this report, and more generally in initiating a Task Force on the issue, has been to examine the problems that inhibit companies from choosing the ECS as a vehicle for simplifying their structures.

20 December 2007

The intention of this article is to subject European financial centres to a SWOT analysis, assessing their Strengths, Weaknesses, Opportunities and Threats. We start with a closer definition of the term financial centre and a classification of the different kinds of financial centres found in Europe. A second section analyses the extent to which EU legislation and in particular the Financial Services Action Plan (FSAP) may lead to an intensification of financial centre competition. In a final section, we make some assessments for the future.

17 November 2007

The 2007 ECRI Statistical Package is available in three different forms: in PDF, as an Excel file or a combination of PDF and Excel files.

Orders for the Excel file (either individually or in combination with the PDF) will be dispatched by email as soon as payment is received. Orders for the PDF will be immediately downloadable and accompanied by a print-out dispatched by post.

16 November 2007

The 2007 ECRI Statistical Package is available in three different forms: in PDF, as an Excel file or a combination of PDF and Excel files.

Orders for the Excel file (either individually or in combination with the PDF) will be dispatched by email as soon as payment is received. Orders for the PDF will be immediately downloadable and accompanied by a print-out dispatched by post.

16 November 2007

The 2007 ECRI Statistical Package is available in three different forms: in PDF, as an Excel file or a combination of PDF and Excel files.

Orders for the Excel file (either individually or in combination with the PDF) will be dispatched by email as soon as payment is received. Orders for the PDF will be immediately downloadable and accompanied by a print-out dispatched by post.

15 October 2007

This report surveys recent empirical research on the state and development of retail banking integration in Europe. It finds a broad consensus that retail banking integration is still limited, although integration seems to have gained momentum more recently. At the same time, the survey finds less agreement about how to measure integration. Evidence from various types of integration measures is discussed in detail and the shortcomings of these measures are highlighted.

25 September 2007

The unfolding crisis in Europe’s financial markets is presenting the EU’s new regulatory and supervisory set-up with its first big test, revealing worrying differences in responses to stress, flaws in the enforcement of rules and gaps in the supervisory framework. Although the evidence is limited so far, some clear-cut policy recommendations can be made, which need to be urgently addressed.

18 September 2007

Credit reporting agencies collect and compile highly sensitive information on the millions of consumers in credit markets throughout the world and also increasingly across a variety of industries, such as insurance, retail and telecommunications. In this revised edition, Nicola Jentzsch provides an in-depth analysis of the economics and regulation of financial privacy and a comparative overview of credit reporting systems in the US and the 27 member states of the European Union.

12 September 2007

This book examines the performance of mergers and acquisitions in the banking industry in Europe and introduces a new approach for assessing the phenomenon by considering the various strategies underlying consolidation activity – namely, the initial activities of the banks involved and the geographical dimension of their transactions. The results show that the economic and financial performance of a banking M&A depends on its underlying strategy, which is defined on the basis of the bank’s initial activities and its geographical reach.

04 September 2007

MiFID portends a true revolution in the European financial landscape for both exchanges and financial services firms. Inter alia, the EU legislation abolishes the monopoly position traditionally enjoyed by exchanges and introduces the concept of best execution for service providers. In his survey of the state of preparedness on the part of both member states and firms to implement the MiFID provisions, CEPS Chief Executive Karel Lannoo finds huge diversity.

13 July 2007

This paper explores whether MiFID and Reg NMS could be accepted as equivalents by regulators on both sides of the Atlantic. Apart from many similarities, the most important one being that the main purpose of both measures is to enforce best execution in equity trading, there are many differences as well in the definition of best execution, the structures of the markets, and the role and powers of supervisory authorities.

08 June 2007

Two years of intensive negotiations have ended with the adoption of the Payment Services Directive by the European Parliament in the first reading, and the proposed legislation is due to be adopted shortly by the EU Council. Thus, the process to create an integrated single market in financial services is one step closer to implementation. This Policy Brief underlines the importance of this legislation for the efficient functioning of financial services as well as the creation of a level playing field for competitors in the market.

24 May 2007

In this commentary CEPS Fellows Nicola Jentzsch and Karel Lannoo assess the impact of the Consumer Credit Directive, which was finally agreed at the Competitiveness Council on 21 May. They doubt that this new piece of legislation will in itself suffice to create a more integrated and competitive consumer credit market in Europe.

11 April 2007

This paper explores the reasons why European sovereign bond markets have developed such a high degree of segmentation and considers how this structure could be altered to improve transparency without adversely affecting liquidity, efficiency or the benefits enjoyed by primary dealers and issuers. The author, Peter G. Dunne, a lecturer in Finance at the School of Management and Economics, Queen

03 April 2007

This policy brief examines the evolution of the hedge fund industry, the industry’s structure and the prospect of regulatory steps looming on the horizon. In the wake of the recent bust of Amaranth and of the increased ‘retailisation’ of the industry, hedge funds have increasingly come under the close scrutiny of regulators. In this ECMI Policy Brief, Charles Gottlieb explores the economic rationale that should be kept in mind for any appropriate policy making in this area.

30 March 2007

The opening-up of the market for equity market data raises the question of whether data will be sufficiently consolidated and of high enough quality post-MiFID, or whether it will become too fragmented, thereby hindering price transparency and the implementation of best execution policies. This policy brief outlines the market for financial market data, the provisions of MiFID and the implementing measures regarding financial data and data consolidation. It also looks at the approaches taken by CESR, the FSA and the US authorities.

01 February 2007

The European Commission’s in-depth inquiry into retail banking is long overdue. Its findings are hardly surprising: for years high fees persisted, market concentration loomed and there was little cross-border competition. Times could now be changing for the better. DG Competition states that it has found ‘widespread competition barriers’ that raise the cost of retail banking, but ‘competition concerns’ are not evidence of breaches of competition law.

16 January 2007

This regulatory commentary argues that as the EU is bringing more competition in securities markets with the implementation of the MiFID directive, and the adoption by the settlement industry of a code of conduct, the ECB is going in the other direction with the creation of a monopoly for securities settlement in the EU. Karel Lannoo sketches four reasons why the TARGET 2 initiative shouldn’t be pursued.

18 December 2006

This regulatory comment argues that EC policy-makers have tried to make equiproportional representation nearly an aphorism tied to corporate egalitarian sentiments but that the proposal fails to justify the move as a value-enhancing technique for EU corporate governance.