Financial Markets


91 - 120 of 443
27 February 2012

Updated May 2012 and reposted: In 2011, an EU legislative package on market abuse was proposed, which comprises two sets of documents: 1) a draft Regulation that will largely replace the existing Market Abuse Directive (MAD) and the level 2 measures; and a new Directive dealing with criminal sanctions. Market abuse rules are needed to ensure market integrity and investor confidence, and to allow companies to raise capital and contribute to economic growth, thereby increasing employment.

24 February 2012

The last intergovernmental agreement among 25 countries and the ESM Treaty will set the ground for greater institutional coordination on fiscal policies among euro area member states. None of these decisions, however, will be able to pull the euro area out of this crisis. The eurozone is trapped in a classic prisoner’s dilemma. The break-up of the euro remains unlikely but the exit strategy will continue to be led by a sequence of rational (but sub-optimal) decisions, which will make the process long and painful.

31 January 2012

This Commentary urges the European Parliament and EU Council to undertake a more thorough review of the draft Capital Requirements Directive IV (CRD IV), which implements Basel III in EU law. With a view to streamlining and tightening the proposal, the author argues that the most important amendments to consider are the introduction of risk-weighting on sovereign exposures within the EU and the related application in the large exposures regime, a review of the generous risk-weighting afforded to real estate, and the full application of the leverage ratio.

19 January 2012

Market study of the current state of play in Member States regarding initiatives in bank fee transparency and comparability in personal current bank accounts

02 January 2012

Disclosure is a fundamental factor in investors’ decision-making, the functioning of capital markets, stock performance and market integrity. Policy-makers should be aware, however, that regulating disclosure is a moving target and that one can never mandate an optimal level of disclosure. Adequate room and flexibility must be built in for market-driven improvements. Moreover, the benefits and costs of any additional fraction of disclosure regulation must be duly considered.

02 December 2011

This Commentary surveys the latest round of stress tests administered to EU banks by the European Banking Authority (EBA) and finds their exclusive focus on a single measure of capital, the Tier 1 capital ratio of Basel III, short-sighted. While the first two stress tests underestimated the capital needs in the European banking system, the third test risks overestimating the picture in some cases.

30 November 2011

The ECMI Statistical Package represents a comprehensive collection of relevant data on the dynamics of various segments of the European capital markets, complete with graphical representations and explanatory commentary. It enables users to trace trends in European and global capital markets, so as to highlight their ongoing transformation through structural changes brought about by competitive forces, innovation, regulation or broader policy initiatives.

30 November 2011

The ECMI Statistical Package represents a comprehensive collection of relevant data on the dynamics of various segments of the European capital markets, complete with graphical representations and explanatory commentary. It enables users to trace trends in European and global capital markets, so as to highlight their ongoing transformation through structural changes brought about by competitive forces, innovation, regulation or broader policy initiatives.

30 November 2011

The ECMI Statistical Package represents a comprehensive collection of relevant data on the dynamics of various segments of the European capital markets, complete with graphical representations and explanatory commentary. It enables users to trace trends in European and global capital markets, so as to highlight their ongoing transformation through structural changes brought about by competitive forces, innovation, regulation or broader policy initiatives.

22 November 2011

Foreign currency indebtedness in new EU member states has had serious post-crisis consequences, where a substantial currency mismatch has contributed to an alteration in the macroeconomic and financial risk profile of individual countries. A pivotal challenge ahead for emerging Europe will be to strengthen institutional and monetary credibility and reinforce stable and efficient capital markets that are less dependent on foreign capital inflows. This would ultimately reduce countries’ vulnerability to future shocks to the economy, and facilitate their full-blown recovery.

04 November 2011

Although the drafts of MiFID 2.0, published on October 20th, follow largely what had been proposed by the CESR (Committee of European Securities Regulators) and the European Commission, the documents took observers by surprise in both their approach and length. This ECMI Commentary explains how the original legislation has been amended with the principal aim of levelling the playing field and examines its novel features.

21 October 2011

This paper proposes to tackle the sovereign debt and banking crises with a comprehensive multi-pillar mechanism that involves cash and synthetic solutions aimed at enhancing the European Financial Stability Facility (EFSF), but without necessitating any structural transformation. In this framework, the public and the private sectors would collaborate to design the necessary tools (a blend of cash and guarantees) that are capable of convincing the market.

19 October 2011

The Payment Services Directive was intended to provide more price transparency for users and a level playing field for efficient competition among different payment services by decreasing the inhibiting effects of different legislation, cross-subsidisation and non-cost-based pricing. The European Commission, however, intended most of these effects to come about through market-led initiatives. In the run-up to the review of the Directive, Elina Pyykkö asks in this ECRI Policy Brief whether more could not be done to promote the use of efficient payment methods.

19 October 2011

This CEPS Commentary finds that banking supervisors and regulators attach too much importance to the current capital ratios, despite the multi-indicators approach encouraged by Basel III. Drawing on the recent experience of the Belgian-French bank Dexia, the author shows that reliance on this single capital indicator can be very costly.

04 October 2011

In all likelihood, the European Commission’s proposed tax on financial services, the financial transaction tax (FTT), will raise sizeable tax revenues, which explains its political appeal in the current context. However, the tax fails to address the key factors that contributed to the global financial crisis. In the absence of global or even EU-wide cooperation, many of the transactions subject to a tax will relocate to non-cooperating countries, thereby reducing revenue prospects and the effectiveness of supervision.

15 September 2011

International standards and norms in banking regulations have, once again, leapt to the forefront of policy discussions in developed nations due to the recent crisis in the world’s financial markets. These discussions are not new, nor do they apply exclusively to the world’s most advanced economies. A sound and well-enforced regulatory regime can help developing nations to channel financial resources more efficiently into investments. For open economies, it can also act as a buffer and an important stability factor in today’s shaky market situation.

18 August 2011

The ECRI Statistical Package on Consumer Credit in Europe is a collection of data on consumer credit, covering 38 countries: the 27 EU member states, three EU candidate countries (Croatia, Turkey and the Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia), the EFTA countries (Iceland, Liechtenstein, Norway and Switzerland) as well as four additional key global economies (the United States, Australia, Canada and Japan). Its purpose is to provide reliable statistical information allowing users to make meaningful comparisons between these countries.

18 August 2011

The ECRI Statistical Package on Lending to Households in Europe is a collection of data on lending to households, including consumer credit, housing and other loans, in Europe, covering 38 countries: the 27 EU member states, three EU candidate countries (Croatia, Turkey and the Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia), the EFTA countries (Iceland, Liechtenstein, Norway and Switzerland) as well as four additional key global economies (the United States, Australia, Canada and Japan).

27 July 2011

In this ECRI Commentary, Elina Pyykkö provides a snapshot of the current state of household credit markets in Europe. She assesses how member states have recovered from the financial crisis by looking at credit markets and other financial indicators. The evidence is used to discuss what grounds the different stages of recovery provide for new EU-wide legislative proposals, in particular the proposed directive on mortgage credit.

Elina Pyykkö is a researcher at the European Credit Research Institute at CEPS.
 

22 July 2011

In his evaluation of the results from the 2nd EU bank stress test published 15 July 2011, CEPS CEO Karel Lannoo finds clear improvement compared to the first test, thanks in part to the new institutional set-up. He notes, however, that much works remains to be done on the substantive side to further calibrate the results and extend it to a broader sample of the EU banking sector.

06 July 2011

This report aims to contribute to the debate on how the EU could most efficiently respond to the challenges posed and the deficiencies revealed by the financial crisis in the area of retail credit. It is based in part on discussions that took place within the CEPS-ECRI Task Force on A New Retail Credit Regime for Europe – Setting the Right Priorities, which met between May 2010 and January 2011. Given the policy directions, the discussions focused largely on the largest component of retail credit, mortgages.

30 June 2011

In this new ECRI Commentary, Karel Lannoo offers his assessment of the Commission’s proposed Directive regulating retail mortgage credit, adopted on March 31st. While welcoming the initiative as a first step towards creating a European mortgage market, he expresses concern over the degree of harmonisation and the fact that many provisions are left to national implementing legislation or are not, especially in the case of sensitive items, covered at all.
Karel Lannoo is Chief Executive of CEPS and Director of ECRI.

24 June 2011

With substantial contributions from ECRI Managing Director Karel Lannoo and Research Fellow Diego Valiante, a new report addresses the question of stewardship (or thoughtful ownership) in the UK and the European Union, after the financial crisis. Sponsored by the CFA Institute and the FGRE Foundation for Governance Research and Education and written in cooperation with ECMI, this report considers the potential inadequacy of stewardship by the investment industry and the degree of integration of corporate governance analysis in the investment process.

01 June 2011

The sharp and widespread increase in most commodity prices has alarmed the world and raised questions around the sustainability of our economies. As shown in this ECMI Commentary, the reasons for this dramatic rise are multiple, and engaging in a witch-hunt benefits neither the market as a whole nor our economies. Solutions need to be more differentiated and oriented towards two factors: preventing price manipulation (through controls on net positions and on anti-competitive market structures) and fostering sustainability.

31 May 2011

This ECRI Commentary takes a closer look at the mortgage situation of households in Portugal, Italy, Ireland, Greece and Spain – countries whose economic condition have been under the magnifying glass throughout the eurozone debt crisis. The credit markets in these countries have witnessed fast-paced development, with the credit extended to households having increased considerably during recent decades. What will be the impact on average citizens when they start to feel their belts tightened as a result of their government’s insolvency or liquidity problems?

20 April 2011

Two years after the London G-20, CEPS Chief Executive Karel Lannoo finds that the EU is well advanced in delivering on the commitments made for the 2013 target date. Important steps have been taken on the institutional side, and regulatory changes are moving ahead. On some issues, in fact, such as remuneration, the EU has made even greater headway than the US. But certain key sensitive matters remain, such as bank resolution or structural changes.

29 March 2011

With the financial crisis, citizens suddenly realized that different levels and forms of depositor protection co-existed in the EU, whereas they had been told for almost 20 years that a single market was in place. Current deposit insurance arrangements in Europe need to be changed, as they match neither market integration nor consumer expectations. But deposit insurance cannot be considered in isolation; it is part of the broader financial safety net and the crisis resolution tools for banks.

10 March 2011

The financial crisis has damaged consumer confidence in the financial services market. Trillions of euro in losses and government bail-outs have partially been borne by taxpayers, small investors and retail customers in several member states. Against this background, this new book by CEPS Senior Fellow Rym Ayadi argues that European policy-makers ought to rethink their approach to financial market integration in order to continue the construction of the internal market for retail financial services.